High blood pressure is one of the most common conditions nowadays in the whole world. Some so many people do a daily search about Blood pressure healthy range.
We are here to share some interesting and informative things related to your search term blood pressure healthy range. You can read this full article till the end to know more about it.
In today’s fast world we are unable to maintain our healthy routine and which ultimately causes ill effects to our mind as well as body. But further, we go deep in the article you should have some information about blood pressure like as follows.
- What is blood pressure?
- What is systolic pressure?
- What is diastolic pressure?
- What is the normal range of blood pressure for different group ages?
- How blood pressure is measured?
- What is hypertension & what is hypotension?
Today we will discuss most of the things related to blood pressure and the healthy range of blood pressure as well. So without making a delay let’s get started.
What is blood pressure?
Things you will learn about
Blood pressure is the force of the circulating blood exerted on the walls of blood vessels.
It is different in different types of vessels, but the term “blood pressure”, when not specified otherwise, refers to the arterial pressure in the systemic circulation.
When the heart contracts and pumps blood into the aorta, during systole, the arterial pressure rises, and so does the systemic arterial pressure.
The maximum pressure following an ejection is called systolic pressure. In between heartbeats, when the ventricles refile blood pressure falls to its lower value called diastolic pressure.
These are the 2 numbers on a blood pressure reading. Blood pressure normally shows a daily pattern and is usually lower at night.
During the daytime, it fluctuates with physical activities and emotional states.
Blood pressure range chart for different age group
Age Between 15 to 18
- Male – 177-77 mmHg
- Female – 120-85 mmHg
Age Between 19 to 24
- Male – 120-79 mmHg
- Female – 120-79 mmHg
Age Between 25 to 29
- Male – 120-80 mmHg
- Female – 120-80 mmHg
Age Between 30 to 35
- Male – 122-81 mmHg
- Female – 123-82 mmHg
Age Between 36 to 39
- Male – 123-82 mmHg
- Female – 124-83 mmHg
Age Between 40 to 45 years old
- Male – 124-83 mmHg
- Female – 125-83 mmHg
Age Between 46 to 49
- Male – 126-84 mmHg
- Female – 127-84 mmHg
Age Between 50 to 55
- Male – 128-85 mmHg
- Women – 129-85 mmHg
Age Between 56 to 59
- Male – 131-37 mmHg
- Female – 130-86 mmHg
More than 60 Years
- Male – 135-88 mmHg
- Female – 134-84 mmHg
What is hypertension?
Hypertension refers to persistent high blood pressure. In the US, high blood pressure used to be defined as greater than 140/90, but recent guidelines have changed these values to 130/80 to better prevent and treat the condition. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80.
In practice, blood pressure is considered too low if it produces symptoms. Hypertension does not cause symptoms on its own but is slowly damages the blood vessels, and in long term, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease such as,
- and heart attack
as well as damage to the end organs such as renal failure or vision loss. For this reason, Hypertension pressure is known as a “silent killer”
Types & causes of hypertension
Hypertension can be classified according to its origin in two terms which are as follows:
- Primary hypertension
- Secondary hypertension
Primary hypertension is being responsible for over 90 % of cases. Primary hypertension has no apparent cause and may develop as a result of
- Old age,
- High-salt diet,
- Lack of exercise,
- Smoking and Drinking.
Most commonly, the blood is hardened with age or unhealthy diets, making it harder for blood flow.
Secondary hypertension is caused by some underlying medical condition. Many conditions and factors can cause hypertension; most notable are
- Kidney problems,
- Endocrine disturbances.
Regardless of the cause, the increase in blood pressure is produced by either an increase in vascular resistance – narrower or stiffer blood vessels; or an increase in cardiac output – more volume of blood pumped out by the heart.
These two factors are the targets of antihypertensive medicines. Treatments must start immediately first with changes in lifestyle such as
- healthy life style
- low-sodium diets,
- Physical exercise,
- and stress management.
On top of that, antihypertensive agents may be used to control hypertension. These include:
Vasodilators:- The vasodilator dilate blood vessels, thereby decreasing vascular resistance and reducing blood pressure.
There are different vasodilators available in the market like:
- Direct-acting vasodilators,
- Calcium-channel blockers,
- And ACE inhibitors, ARBs, etc.
Diuretics:- diuretics promote sodium and water removal by the kidneys and thereby decrease blood volume.
Medicines:- medicines that decrease the cardiac output by a decrease in heart rate or contractility, may also be used to treat hypertension.
What is hypotension?
Hypotension is as just as serious as a problem as hypertension or high blood pressure. In general low blood pressure can be thought of as a rate pump or volume problem.
It can produce by bradycardia or tachycardia. As mentioned previously bradycardia or tachycardia can cause a decrease in blood pressure.
Causes of low blood pressure.
Problems with the pump that is the heart function may things such as
- Myocardial infarction or
- Cardio genic shock
- Cardiac depressant medications
Can cause low blood pressure by affecting the pump?
Perhaps the most common etiology of low blood pressure encountered clinically would be volume problems from things such as
- Hypovolemic shock,
- Severe dehydration,
- Emmerich or
- Septic shock and
Anaphylaxis and Neurogenic shock from spinal cord injury are reasonably common causes of low blood pressure.
Low blood pressure should be evaluated and treated urgently an assessment of low blood pressure includes:
- Recheck of the pressure and
- Close monitoring.
If a client has recently changed positions, they should be returned to a supine position and rechecked in a few minutes.
Orthostasis literally means standing upright. Postural hypotension or orthostatic hypotension is defined as a decrease in systolic blood pressure of at least 20 mm of mercury or at least 10 mm of diastolic within three minutes of the patient’s standing.
If Postural hypotension is encountered then the client is at risk for falls and should be closely supervised with ambulation or advice to call for assistance with activity.
To test for Postural hypotension take the blood pressure whilst the patient is supine and or at the rest.
Then stand the patient and they must be able to stand for three minutes before taking the blood pressure again.
If the measurements meet the criteria stated previously then Postural hypotension is evident.
If the result is equivocal record that and request assessment
How To measure blood pressure?
There are so many devices available in the market which can help you to measure blood pressure at your home. Both types of digital as well as non-digital devices are available in the market nowadays.
But some digital devices can not measure accurately all the time. In digital devices, there are some fluctuations that can be seen during the measurement of blood pressure.
The Sphygmomanometer is the ideal instrument for the measurement of blood pressure. This is the most used instrument in the world for the measurement of blood pressure.
Most of the doctors and physicians use sphygmomanometer for accurate measurement of blood pressure only in emergency cases the digital instrument are used.
We hope this article is useful for you for a better understanding of the blood pressure range and blood pressure.
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